Homework for Thursday, September 23, 2010

Key Concepts from Today’s Class

  1. Categorization of sports (field of Motor Learning) as either “open” or “closed” – mostly with respect to whether the environment changes or not.  The open skill process has four stages (closed only two):  perception, decision, action, feedback.
  2. Necessity to be able to develop a mental training exercise for each of the five mental skills for each of the three phases:  general, specific, competitive.
  3. The use of experimental design (e.g., Seabourne et al. (1985)) and “manipulation checks” to control threats to validity (not a bad explanation for those without recent stats).


  1. There appeared to be some confusion as to how the CSAI-2 was to have been completed.  In the homework instructions for its completion, note that I said the following (so you were to disregard the instructions on the form): ” I want you to complete it as a “trait” questionnaire – i.e., answer based on how you “usually” or “generally” feel before competitions (you would have covered the difference between “state” and “trait” in PSY 111).” If you followed the instructions of the form, go back and redo it using my instructions here outlined in red.


  1. Read Ravizza’s Chapter on Awareness in the text and complete the Ravizza Chapter Review Form.  Remember that completion of homework of this type – small, “ungraded”, but essential” is  factored into your “participation” grade – it will not always be handed in, will often not be scrutinized closely, and basically I will just “check it off” to see that a bona fide attempt has been made to complete it.
  2. Use Excel to perform a Two-Factor ANOVA with Replication using a P-Value of .05 (as described in the video below).  Here are the steps you need to take (remember this exercise is more a measure of your common sense and hardiness (opposite of being a baby) than analytical abilities:

Step 1:  First, we want to divide our sample into two groups based on their CSAI-2 Self-Confidence scores (a high confidence group and a low confidence group).  Use the “sort” function in Excel to arrange (sort) the data from high to low according to the self-confidence score.  The top half will become the “High” group and the lower half the “Low” group (equivalent to “East” and “West” in the video example.

Step 2:  Perform the Two-Factor ANOVA with Replication using the Excel Data Analysis tool following the instructions in the video (A-Cog and A-Som being equivalent to “RQ” and “TQ” in the video example (we won’t analyze “SC” as we used that to sort data – so no analysis of “SQ” as in the video example).


  • I just noticed that the Data Analysis pack on my old laptop (exchanged last week for a new Faculty one:  MacBook Pro) no longer has the Data Analysis pack with the ANOVA tool.  If this is the case for you you may have to download free software here and follow these instructions: 

I have decided to allocate 10% (plus 5% for Wiki Edits = 15% on Evaluation page) of your grade to your Personal Sport Psychology Portfolio. Your portfolio will consist of your questionnaire results (like the CSAI-2), personal papers/descriptions (like your Best-Ever), your individualized mental training program, mental training logs, etc.).  In this way we will ensure that your are applying your sport psychology learning to both the films we study – and yourself.


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